12元/月,就是英国这个独栋别墅的能源消耗

案例来源:
http://inhabitat.com
所在国家:
英国 
用途:
  • 住宅
  • 办公
  • 展示
  • 商业
结构:

案例详情:

【介绍】

英国获奖太阳能房屋每月运转仅需12元

如果你那的气候一成不变,而附近有人劝你绿色房屋实在太贵,不要去买,那么请告诉他们这个故事。Colin Usher,这位来自英国 John McCall 设计事务所的主管,想要设计一个简单的房屋,既对环境造成极小的影响,又能有一个合理的售价。他妻子要求屋内要有充足的自然光线,并且有大量的空间去摆放自己的艺术品。这个在威勒尔半岛的房屋,以德国被动式房屋的标准为准则,通体雪白精致,有极好的绝缘效果,以最佳的角度获取太阳能。如今,这个建筑落成已2年有余,而它的能源效率已经远超最乐观人的预期。

虽然整个房屋的运转开销并不算大,但它的节能表现竟然是一栋标准被动式住宅的4倍。按照设计师的说法,“居住在这栋房屋两年,期间加热、照明,提供热水以及烹饪所交纳的费用,一年不到15欧元。”

用如今货币的汇率换算,也不过一年143元人民币,一个月也就12元。

房屋简单地由砖砌而成,并浇筑水泥,所有的窗户都一分为三,还安有被动导向装置和一个空气源热力泵。屋顶的一个光伏矩阵可以产生3338千瓦时的清洁能源,几乎完全满足每日3453千瓦时的能源消耗。

"这个简单的建筑,将经反复考验的建筑技术与一些现代加热和通风技术融为一体,产生了非常好的效果,而且日常开销也相当少。”设计师在他们的网站上写道。

"这是一栋可爱的房屋,可以在高高的天花板下生活,屋内空间舒适,建造起来也不是很贵。"

房屋的总造价大概为233万元人民币,这对一个已经负债累累的大学毕业生来说肯定是一笔巨款,但就当代房屋过度利用的今天,这个价格区间还算适中。而且——随着太阳能电池板越来越便宜——这样的绿色房屋,其价格也会随着时间更加趋于合理,并有助于世界践行大幅削减碳排量的诺言。


【原文】

Award-winning solar home in the UK costs $2 a month to run

If your climate change-denying, Trump-supporting neighbor tries to tell you it's too expensive to own a green home, show them this story. Colin Usher, who is the director of UK-based John McCall Architects, wanted to design a simple home with a gentle environmental impact and a reasonable price tag. His wife's main request was for a lot of light and plenty of room to hang her art. Designed for the Wirral with German Passivhaus principles as a baseline, the little white house is exceptionally-well insulated and oriented for optimum solar gain. Now, two years down the road, its energy efficiency has far exceeded even the most ambitious expectations.

While the West Kirby home was expected to be inexpensive to run, it is performing four times better than a standard Passivhaus residence, according to the architects. They write, “The house has now been occupied for 2 years and the energy cost for heating, lighting, hot water and cooking was less than £15 per year for this period.”

Using today's currency conversion rate, that translates to just over $22 per year, or less than $2 a month.

A simple masonry and concrete structure with triple glazed windows, passive orientation and an air source heat pump, the home has a rooftop solar array that almost completely offsets its annual energy consumption of 3453 kWhrs with 3338 kWhrs of clean energy. And this is in the UK, which is not known for its endless days of blazing sunshine.

"This uncomplicated building uses a combination of tried and tested construction techniques along with some modern heating and ventilation technology to give very good performance and exceptionally low running costs,” the architects write on their website.

"It is a lovely house to live in with high ceilings and comfortable spaces. It was not expensive to construct."

It cost the equivalent of $358,000 to build the West Kirby home, which is a lot of money for a recent college graduate with crippling loans but well within the price range of a contemporary home with exorbitant utility rates. And – as solar panels grow ever cheaper – prices for green homes like this will only become more reasonable as time goes on, which could contribute to the world's recent pledge to reduce carbon emissions to a trickle.  

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