能漂浮的建筑才是防洪神器

案例来源:
http://inhabitat.com
案例标签:
所在国家:
英国 
用途:
  • 住宅
  • 展示
  • 商业
结构:

案例详情:

 

【介绍】

 英国“首栋水陆两栖”住房,悬浮自己避开洪水

海滨住宅满足了居住者对临海美景的渴望,但往往却伴随一个极大的隐患:洪水灾害。巴卡(Baca)的设计事务所最近设计了一个家庭住房,可以有效减轻该隐患,这种创新型建筑被称作英国"首栋水陆两栖"住房。它毗邻英国马洛贝克汉姆郡泰晤士河沿岸,它的设计可以让自己在洪水肆虐时随水位悬浮上升。

"水陆两栖"外表镀一层锌粒面板,并涂有高效能的釉彩。这种独特的临海房屋置于固定的地基上,地基在泰晤士河水侵入岸边时自行分离,使建筑向上悬浮。其原理如下:当三居室房屋下的水箱被洪水溢满时,水位推动这个有浮力的房屋向上。为确保房屋不会随洪水漂走,特别在建筑上加固了四个标杆,可以向上扩展并且及时泄去2.5米深的洪水。

"英国洪水暴发得愈演愈烈,我们是否该考虑应该适应这种现象?"接受Dezeen采访时,巴卡的建筑设计师说,"科学家皆认同这种极端天气在过去几周里变得普遍,在此事实下,我们就应该未雨绸缪,在建造手段上进行改进去应对洪水发生,而不是期冀于那些防御工事。"

尽管这种房屋被建在洪水频发的3b地区,但是这儿却并未暴发过严重洪灾。因此作为悬浮实验的一部分,储水箱每五年抽空一次,而房屋会上升半米。在这间新颖又兼具时代感的房屋内,还能将泰晤士河的美景一览无余,就连它的小花园都可以被看成是一个早期洪水预警系统。

 

【原文】

UK's "first amphibious house" floats itself to escape flooding

Waterfront properties are coveted for their views, but can often come with a major trade-off: flood damage. Baca Architects mitigated that danger with their recently completed family home, an innovative dwelling that they call the UK’s “first amphibious house.” Located on the banks of the River Thames in Buckinghamshire’s town of Marlow, the flood-resistant Amphibious House is designed to float and rise with the water levels during times of flooding.

Clad in zinc shingles and ample high-performance glazing, the unique waterfront home rests on fixed foundations that are separated to allow the structure to float upwards when the River Thames overflows its banks. Here’s how it works: as floodwaters fill the fixed “dock” beneath the three-bedroom home, the water levels push the buoyant house upwards. To ensure that the home doesn’t float away, the structure is attached to four guideposts that extend upwards and allow for a 2.5-meter-high floodwater clearance.

"With flooding becoming a regular occurrence in the UK and elsewhere isn’t it time we started to learn to live with it?" said Baca Architects, according to Dezeen. "Scientists appear to agree that the sort of weather we have seen over the last few weeks is likely to become much more prevalent. If this is the case then maybe we need to be a bit more proactive in building in measures to cope with flooding if it does occur rather than hoping that the flood defenses will protect people."

Though the Amphibious House is located within a Flood Zone 3b area, the site does not experience severe floods regularly. Consequently, the dock will be pumped full of water every five years as part of a flotation test that will raise the house upwards a half meter. In addition to its unique flood-resistant feature, the innovative and contemporary house also overlooks panoramic views of the River Thames and a small garden that serves as an early-warning system for flooding.

 

 

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