阿肯色州郊外最美的口袋社区

案例来源:
http://www.architectmagazine.com
所在国家:
美国 
用途:
  • 住宅
结构:

案例详情:

【介绍】


阿肯色州郊区最美的口袋社区


与富丽堂皇的美国艺术博物馆水晶桥一墙之隔,就是Black Apple社区。这里融合了先进建筑技术和过往根深蒂固的建筑风格,旨在体现一个更传统的生活方式。而且这片住宅区在重视当地传统架构同时,没有疏于对一种更加友好生活方式的关注。

 

Black Apple离市中心不到一公里,它与低人口密度的社区形成了鲜明对比。口袋般大的社区里约有11家住户,占地4047平方米,绿化做得很好。我们可以想象,这里有温暖的小居室,也有面积从94平方米的筒仓模型到194平方米的家庭,大小不等,但都符合一个家庭的中等住宅面积。


Black Apple内的房屋都拥有预制隔热的水泥地基、钢结构框架,所有的结构绝缘板都包裹一层氧化镁板。这一切,都是为了缩短建筑时间,优化整个建筑性能。比起一栋典型的同尺寸房屋,居住在Black Apple,可以节省85%以上的能耗。


尽管事务所是可持续设计和技术的拥趸,但他们还是想建一个能让人联想到老建筑的房屋。所以社区整体基调以暖色温馨为主。耐腐蚀高强度钢材制作的烟囱,可再生木材壁板形成了一种“现代乡村”的建筑风格,但室内各个都是尖端技术。


目前类似这种社区在全美范围内有极大需求,因为能带来邻里间更多的互动。这种关系,会逐渐变成一种无形的资产,促进全社会的发展。Black Apple的每一栋住宅都有一个门廊、同时留出停车位和邮箱,这些巧妙的位置选取都为了制造邻里间“偶遇”的机会。


【原文】


Black Apple Pocket Community Brings High-Performance Homes to Suburban Arkansas


TJust a stone’s throw from FAIA’s palatial Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art, construction is wrapping up on Black Apple, a small residential development in Bentonville, Ark., that blends state-of-the-art building technology with a more traditional way of life and a vernacular architecture with strong roots in the region’s agricultural past. he neighborhood emphasizes traditional Ozark architecture as well as a friendlier way of living.


Located less than a mile from downtown, Black Apple stands in sharp contrast to the low-density neighborhoods common in the suburban city of approximately 40,000. The pocket community squeezes 11 homes onto a roughly 1-acre lot with a central village green. As one may imagine, the homes are modest in size, ranging from the Solo model at 850 square feet to the Silo model at 1,750 square feet—a significant cry from the median size of a new home,


The homes of Black Apple make use of pre-insulated concrete foundations, steel framing, and structurally insulated panels (SIPs) sheathed with magnesium oxide board, all of which lead to a shorter build time and better building performance. Based on the energy use of previous homes GreenSpur has built, Turner expects Black Apple residences to be 85 percent more energy efficient than a typical home of comparable size.


Though Turner is an advocate for sustainable design and technology, he says that high-performance buildings can have a modern, industrial aesthetic. “To us, there needs to be kind of a historical heartstring attached to the architecture so people can relate.” As a result, the material palette at Black Apple is both warm and refined. Cor-Ten steel chimneys and reclaimed wood siding help create what Turner calls a “modern agrarian” style. Inside, cutting-edge technologies such as ductless HVAC systems are paired with wood and metal finishes, such as butcher-block surfaces and sliding barn doors.


Pocket communities are in demand nationwide because they encourage casual interactions between neighbors, Turner says. These relationships, in turn, become an invaluable asset to the development. Every home at Black Apple has a front porch, while all parking and mailboxes are deliberately sited together to increase opportunities for a “casual rubbing of shoulders with your neighbors,” he says.
 

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