圣何塞的这个有机食品超市(Whole Foods),有可能是全美最绿色的超市

案例来源:
http://inhabitat.com
所在国家:
美国 
用途:
  • 商业
结构:

案例详情:

【介绍】


圣何塞的这个有机食品超市(Whole Foods),有可能是全美最绿色的超市


一开始,Whole Foods公司是想要在加州圣何塞市开一家室内酿酒厂和酒吧间。但公司希望这座建筑可以不同于街边随处可见的一般杂货铺。于是,为了追求与众不同,这座建筑的屋顶被改建成了别致的露天啤酒花园。它正好坐落在The Alameda被拆除后的街转角,地理位置优越。但是它可不单纯是个街边百货店或是酒吧,它的设计背后还有深意。就比如说,整个建筑本身的设计是绿色环保的。Architect Field Paoli建筑工作室将其打造成了方便行人的街边建筑,整体设计的元素还包括了开放性、空间活力、废物利用、就地取材、充分采光。不仅如此,整座建筑对传统能源的消耗几乎为零。


设计师将这座建筑划分成了两个独立的部分。其中一部分总面积27000平方英尺(2508平方米),是一个单层结构的百货商铺。另一部分则是由 Mission Creek Brewing公司负责经营的户外啤酒酿造厂,总面积5900平方英尺(548平方米)。这两部分通过一个繁华卖场相连。卖场中有各式农产品和花卉展览。行人可以步行穿过卖场走到外面的主干道上,也可以步行前往位于建筑后侧的停车场。当然,如果行人对于酿酒和啤酒制造有兴趣的话,他们也可以通过建筑外壁的透明大玻璃参观酿酒厂的生产区。


修建屋顶的露天啤酒花园时,建筑师们使用的材料是经过回收的旧木。这些木材是从附近历史悠久的罐头工厂Del Monte那回收来的。另一部分建筑材料是循环再利用的西红杉木。这些木材原来是Puget Sound公司制造浮木时使用的原料。此外,一家当地公司负责生产建筑所需的砖块。烧制砖块用的黏土全部来自雅拉丘陵。


Whole Foods公司的这家商铺采用百分百天然制冷的方式。国内也有一些日杂商店采取了同样的做法。天然制冷是为了最大限度地降低对温室气体的排放。冰柜和室内制冷完全依靠二氧化碳和冷热水循环管道。冷凝剂产生的热气会被热水管道回收,经过循环后还可以用来加热店内饮用水。


最令人惊讶的是,整个小店几乎不会消耗额外的传统能源。当地的热电厂为店铺提供90%的电能。此外,整个建筑的设计就是为了最大限度地节省能耗。这座建筑的采光充分利用了自然光,而且它的开放式设计也在不经意间确保了适宜的室内温度。建筑周围种植了耐旱植物,这样就可以节约水源。而这一点对于经常处于缺水干旱中的加利福利亚州来说尤为重要。


以上所有的努力让这座建筑在近期赢得了广泛认可。这座建筑获得了由美国绿色建筑委员会颁发的绿色建筑金奖。同时,在今年四月,它还赢得了由美国建筑师协会旧金山分会颁发的城市设计特别表彰奖。


【原文】


San Jose’s new Whole Foods is one of America’s greenest supermarkets


When Whole Foods decided to open its first market with an in-store microbrewery and tap room in San Jose, California, the company wanted to build something a little different from your average grocery store. For starters, the building features a charming rooftop beer garden and it's located on a former brownfield corner lot on The Alameda. But the building is more than simply a place to shop for groceries or relax with a cold beer -- it’s also meant to be as sustainable as possible. Architect Field Paoli designed the pedestrian-friendly building with open, active spaces, salvaged, locally-sourced materials, copious daylighting, and it runs almost entirely off the grid.


The store is divided into two separate structures: a 27,000 square foot single-level grocery store and a 5,900 square foot open-air brewery building, operated by Mission Creek Brewing Company. The two buildings are linked by a covered, outdoor marketplace filled with produce and floral displays, which also creates a pedestrian connection between the street and the parking lot concealed in back. Curious pedestrians can glimpse the production areas of the brewery through large, open windows.


The rooftop garden is built using salvaged wood from the nearby historic Del Monte cannery, and other parts of the site use reclaimed western red cedar made from float logs in Puget Sound. Structural bricks were manufactured by a local company, using the natural clay of the Sierra Foothills.


This particular Whole Foods location is also just one of a few grocery stores in the nation to use 100% natural refrigerants in order to minimize contributions to global warming. The freezer and chilled aisles rely completely on carbon dioxide and chilled/hot water loops. Any heat from the refrigerant gas is captured by hot water reclaim tanks and used to generate potable hot water for the store.


Even more exciting is the fact that the store is almost entirely run off the grid. An onsite heat and power plant tied to a generator system produces 90% of the store’s electricity, and a number of the building’s features are designed to cut unnecessary power consumption. Not only is the building peppered with skylights to maximize the amount of natural light flowing into the store, but the building’s open-air design provides passive cooling. The landscaping surrounding the structure utilizes drought-tolerant native plants to reduce water consumption – an important feature in drought-prone California.


All this effort has garnered this store some recent recognition. Not only has the store received LEED Gold certification from the US Green Building Council, but it was also recognized in April by the AIA San Francisco Chapter, receiving a Special Commendation in Urban Design.
 

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