四天!葡萄牙100%采用再生能源为全国供能

案例来源:
http://inhabitat.com
所在国家:
葡萄牙 
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 【介绍】


四天!葡萄牙100%采用再生能源为全国供能


最近在欧洲,可再生能源领域取得了一个巨大进展。它向世界展示了一个可以完全依靠可持续能源的未来,而且这个未来不再遥不可及。从五月七号到五月十一号,葡萄牙全国境内完全依靠可再生能源来支持各项能源消耗。在这全长107个小时的新能源供能中,水力发电、风能、生物燃料和太阳能成为国家能源供给的主力兵,这些清洁能源使百分百的绿色电力变成了现实。


葡萄牙国内的绿色电力是如何实现的呢?根据WorldWatch机构的研究结论,政府的进步性政策起到了很大的作用。政府实施的很多措施确保了可再生能源的经济效益,比如电网回购、为可再生能源提供担保价格以及支付市政公债等。随后,政府进一步更新了相关基础设施建设,确保市民在家中就可以方便地使用太阳能。国际能源机构评价称,葡萄牙政府的支持性政策确保了葡萄牙已经在世界可再生能源应用方面处于领先位置。


事实上,葡萄牙政府早在很多年前就已经开始朝着建设新能源国家的目标努力。根据WorldWatch机构提供的数据,在2004年到2009年间,葡萄牙国内新能源所占的比例就被翻了不止三倍。尽管GDP水平仍低于欧洲平均水平,葡萄牙全国的新能源消费总量已经超过了大部分欧洲国家。到2014年,他们新能源发电水平已经仅次于奥地利、瑞典、爱尔兰和挪威,位列第五。2015年葡萄牙可再生能源协会称,全国电力的48%是由各种形式的新能源提供的。


最近,《基督教科学箴言报》报道称,葡萄牙全国的电力有30%来自于水力发电,25%来自于风力发电。而生物燃料和太阳能所占的比例较少,分别只占到6.4%和1.2%。


其实这已经不是葡萄牙第一次在新能源领域取得成就了。早在2011他们就依靠新能源为全国供电,整个过程持续了几个小时。但在最近的成果中,他们在电能供应上又迈出了一大步,因为他们为电能找到了更加清洁的来源。


【原文】


Portugal powered by 100% renewable energy for over four days


An exciting renewable energy feat in Europe shows us just what a sustainable energy future will look like – and that future is not too far away. From May 7 to May 11, Portugal was powered entirely by renewable sources. During the 107 hours of 100 percent renewable energy, the country drew on hydropower, wind power, biofuels, and solar to make this green electricity dream a reality.


How did they make it work? According to the WorldWatch Institute, progressive policies played a large role. Feed-in tariffs, or guaranteed prices for renewable producers, and paying host municipalities combined to help make renewable energy cost effective. Further, the government has taken steps like altering grid infrastructure to connect easier to home solar panels. The International Energy Agency said the country’s policies have enabled them “to become a major player in the application of renewable energies.”


Portugal has been working towards developing renewable energy in their country for several years. Back between 2004 and 2009, according to WorldWatch, their “installed renewable energy capacity more than tripled.” Despite a GDP less than the EU average, Portugal’s generation and overall energy consumption of renewable energy is higher than most European countries. In 2014, they were behind only Austria, Sweden, Iceland, and Norway in terms of generating electricity from renewable energy. The Portuguese Renewable Energy Association said in 2015 a combination of renewable sources provided 48 percent of the country’s electricity.


The Christian Science Monitor reports that currently, hydropower generates 30 percent of Portugal’s electricity. About 25 percent comes from wind. Biofuels and solar play smaller roles, contributing 6.4 percent and 1.2 percent respectively to the mix.


This isn’t the first renewable energy achievement for Portugal; back in 2011 they powered the country entirely by renewable energy for a couple of hours, but the recent feat marks the great strides they’ve taken towards supplying electricity using more clean sources.

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