依靠风能的天空垂直农场,才是未来农业的发展趋势

案例来源:
http://inhabitat.com
所在国家:
英国 
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【介绍】


依靠风能的天空垂直农场,才是未来农业的发展趋势


如果未来的农业生产活动不再发生在农村,而是改为在城市里进行,那会带来什么样的变化?一家来自伦敦的公司Rogers StirkHarbour + Partners与Skyfarm一起提出了一个全新的理念。这两家公司合作设计了一座双曲面塔楼。塔楼内融合了多种不同的农业生产技术,从鱼菜共生到传统土壤栽培法。这个垂直分布的农场建筑的外壁使用了竹制材料。农场本身可以生产清洁能源。这个设计在2014年世界建筑节的未来体验环节中赢得了大奖,同时被评委们赞扬为“一件结构缜密、坚固可靠、美观大气的设计作品”。


由于受到2015年米兰世博会“给养地球”主题的影响,Skyfram公司希望可以设计一座应对世界粮食危机的建筑。因为近年来世界人口持续增加,而一旦粮食生产没法更上世界人口激增的速度,那么已经不容乐观的世界粮食短缺现象就只能朝着更加严重的方向发展。为了替代传统上过度消耗土地的农业生产方式,Skyfarm公司此次的设计作品一改以往水平生产的方式,充分开发利用了垂直空间进行农产品种植。不仅如此,因为造型本身很现代前卫节省空间,所以就算把它建在高密度的城市中也不显得突兀。这座多层建筑使用轻便的竹结构,这是为了最大限度地吸收太阳光照以及更高效率地利用水源。


这座建筑的上层结构具有可延展性和高度适应性,因此可以应对不同农业生产形式带来的挑战。这其中就包括了将农作物和鱼放在同一个生态系统里的鱼菜共生法。这座塔状建筑的底层可以被改造成市场、餐厅或是为公众科普农业知识的学习园地。水塔和风力涡轮位于建筑的顶层。建筑也可以自动调节来适应不同气候条件。如果外部气温降低的话,建筑的外壁会被关闭,同时加热设备也可以确保适宜的农产品生长环境。


设计师评论称,“由于Skyfram公司设计的这座建筑的预付成本远高于一般标准的工业化农业生产,因此种植短保质期的农作物可以确保它有市场吸引力和竞争力。这些短保质期农作物包括了草莓、菠菜和生菜。这些作物可以全年种植、随时销售并且不需要支付高昂的航空运输费用。”


【原文】


Wind powered vertical Skyfarms are the future of sustainable agriculture


What if the future of farming took root in the city rather than in the countryside? London firm Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners explores that idea with Skyfarm, a hyperboloid tower that combines different farming techniques - from aquaponics to traditional soil-based planting methods - in a bamboo-framed vertical farm designed to produce its own clean energy. The civic project was the 2014 winner of the World Architecture Festival’s Future Projects Experimental category and was praised by the jury as a “thorough, believable, and beautiful project.”


Inspired by the 2015 Milan Expo theme “feed the world,” Skyfarm was developed to help solve the global food crisis, which may be exacerbated if traditional food production fails to keep up with skyrocketing population growth. As an alternative to traditional land-intensive farming, the Skyfarm grows food vertically rather than horizontally, and can be integrated into high-density urban environments. The multi-story tensegrity structure would be made with a light bamboo frame optimized for solar exposure and efficient water distribution.


The scalable and adaptable structure’s upper levels support different kinds of agriculture including aquaponics, which produce crops and fish in a near closed-loop system. The base of the tower can be converted into a market, restaurant, or learning space to educate the public about the farm. Water tanks and wind turbines top the tower. The structure can also be altered for use in different climates; in cooler climates, for example, a double skin enclosure and heating can be applied to optimize growing conditions.


“While the upfront costs of Skyfarm are higher than standard industrial scale agriculture, the ability to grow produce with a short shelf life, such as strawberries, spinach and lettuce, around the year and close to market without costly air-freighting, makes it an attractive, sustainable proposition,” wrote the architects.

 

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