在法国的福利社区感受现代集成建筑之美

案例来源:
http://inhabitat.com
所在国家:
法国 
用途:
  • 住宅
  • 展示

案例详情:

【介绍】


法国集成公寓的典范


坐落在法国中部的里夫德比耶社会福利公寓是集成建筑的典型代表,这一大片与自然为邻的福利社区共有60个小公寓,点缀在周围惬意的美景中。它是由法国Tectoniques建筑事务所倾心打造而成,该事务所在建造生态住宅方面有着丰富的经验。秉承环保节能的理念,采用基于干法施工的特殊施工规程,主要使用预制木构件。里夫德比耶项目将这种基本方法带到了一个新的高度。


这种施工工艺综合应用了混凝土、金属和木材来打造房屋的立面和地板。卫生间是用三维模块化技术组装而成,过程操作简单:三维模块准备完毕运送到施工现场后,施工队只要连接公共设备,安装到三维模块即可。


为防止挤压,整个模块都被拆分为小模块。干法施工技术的巧妙利用,打破了山脉陡坡无法建房子的传统。更进一步来说,每个建筑房屋,无论是学校还是公寓, 彼此之间都建立了空间上的联系,既保证了个人生活隐私性,又增添了公共生活的乐趣,这不正是福利公寓最为提倡的吗。


【原文】


This prefab social housing development functions as a diverse eco-neighborhood in France


This eco-neighborhood comprising 60 social housing apartments was built using a dry construction method known as the "5D process," which uses 2D macro-components and 3D prefab wood modules to create customized, environmentally-friendly structures. Tectoniques Architects designed the development as a cluster of housing blocks of varying sizes scattered across a beautifully landscaped site in Rive-De-Gier canton in central France.


The construction process uses a combination of concrete, metal and prefab wood components systematized in two main families-flat components for the facades and the flooring, and 3D modules for sanitary and technical facilities. When 3D modules arrive on site, the construction team only has to connect the utilities and fit the lining boards to the 3D blocks.


The volumes were broken down into smaller masses to avoid creating an imposing, centralized space. Thanks to the dry construction process, the architects could easily adapt to the steep sloping plot. They established an open connection between the new development, the six existing buildings and a neighboring school, simultaneously creating a variety of public, semi-private and private spaces.

 

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