汶川地震纪念博物馆

案例来源:
http://www.designboom.com
所在国家:
中国 
用途:
  • 营地
  • 展示
结构:

案例详情:

【介绍】


建筑景观诞生!—— 汶川地震纪念博物馆


5•12汶川地震,发生于北京时间2008年5月12日,震中位于中华人民共和国四川省阿坝藏族羌族自治州汶川县映秀镇与漩口镇交界处。根据中国地震局的数据,此次地震的面波震级达8.0Ms、矩震级达8.3Mw严重破坏地区超过10万平方千米。地震烈度达到9度。截至2008年9月18日12时,汶川大地震共造成69227人死亡,374643人受伤,17923人失踪。是中华人民共和国成立以来破坏力最大的地震,也是唐山大地震后伤亡最严重的一次。

 

在之后的震后修复工作中,中国国家政府特别安排上海同济大学在汶川建造一座地震纪念馆,用来缅怀那些在地震中不幸遇难的同胞。


汶川地震纪念博物馆如实还原了5.12大地震后的断壁残骸,共有几个分馆共同组成,每个博物馆都是用绿草甸做屋顶,整个博物馆建筑风格色彩暗淡,庄重内敛。每个馆之间的步行道起到了连接作用,整个博物馆由点线面结合串成一体。博物馆墙面棱角突出,全部使用耐候钢打造。


博物馆入口处有一个广场,一座小型塔,周边环绕着新载的树木,之后,它们将年复一年守候在这里。暗红色的博物馆与周围嫩绿色的草地,树苗融为一体,微风拂过,树叶簌簌作响,似乎也在缅怀那些不幸遇难的同胞。每个来这里参观的人,融情于景,似乎惨烈的一幕就近在眼前,令人不胜唏嘘。博物馆开馆定于2013年地震五年纪念日这天。


【原文】


China's wenchuan earthquake memorial museum conceived as an architectural landscape


In 2008 a huge earthquake in China’s Sichuan province was responsible for the death of nearly 70,000 people, with over 18,000 missing. The disaster was the country’s deadliest earthquake for more than 30 years, and, in terms of casualties, is regarded as one of the worst ever recorded. The quake’s epicenter was wenchuan county, and it is here where the architecture faculty of tongji university was commissioned by the chinese government to build a museum as a memorial to those who lost their lives.


Designed by cai yongjie, the ‘wenchuan earthquake memorial museum’ takes the form of a ruptured landscape. Large subterranean buildings are topped with green roofs, ensuring that the complex adopts an unobtrusive presence. Gaps in this man-made terrain provide access inside the museum, while simultaneously connecting the entirety of the site. Dramatically angled walls are made from weathering steel, creating a series of enclosed external spaces that contain benches for contemplation and reflection.


The entrance to the museum is marked by a public square and a small tower. new trees have been planted, which, alongside the rest of the site, will continue to grow and evolve over time. The lush landscape establishes a strong dialogue with the built environment, with the rich hues of the reddish steel serving as a visual counterpoint to the verdant green topography. The museum opened to the public on the fifth anniversary of the earthquake in may, 2013.
 

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