3D打印技术在抗震中的应用

案例来源:
http://inhabitat.com
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所在国家:
荷兰 
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【介绍】


3D打印技术在抗震中的应用


“都市小屋”是荷兰设计建筑工作室DUS一手打造的3D打印迷你小屋,可以为游客提供舒适的居住环境。小屋选址在荷兰阿姆斯特丹前工厂区,约有25立方米。房屋结构选用可循环的生物塑料,结实耐用。小屋的所有部件无论是拆分还是安装都可以简单完成,这一创举提高了城市住房的抗震性,为未来房屋建造提供了新的思路。


小屋整体亮黑色外观结构的原材料是亚麻籽油制成的生物塑料纤维,由Henkel建造生产公司研发。温暖的阳光透过小屋大大的窗户直射进来,整个房间透着一股和煦的气息。小屋的门口专门布置了一个门廊和休息间。


小屋内部留有足够的空间放置床,在白天能够折叠起来,卧室一下子就变身为会客室。虽然小屋内部没有多余的空间留做卫生间,但是户外的3D打印浴室又为游客提供了非同寻常的沐浴体验,一边仰望星空,一边做spa。小屋地基浇灌了混凝土,保证了房屋的稳固。鹅卵石铺道将室内和室外自然地联系在一起。


房屋设计师设计的初衷就是为房屋抗震提供新的解决方案。他们表示3D打印技术在建筑方面,特别是针对地震频发区建造临时住宅,可以广泛应用起来。同时,这种建造方案不会对当地地貌产生影响。都市小屋也为热爱微型房的朋友提供了新的选择。


【原文】


3D-printed micro cabin in Amsterdam welcomes anyone to spend the night


A tiny 3D-printed micro home and outdoor bathtub are now available for overnight visitors, thanks to the Dutch studio DUS Architects. The “Urban Cabin” is located in a former industrial area of Amsterdam, offering 25 cubic meters of comfort in a sturdy, sustainably produced bioplastic frame. The dwelling will eventually be disassembled and nearly all of its components recycled, hinting at future solutions for urban housing and disaster relief problems.


Bioplastic filament made from linseed oil, developed by the architects and manufacturing company Henkel, makes up the sharp black structure. Its three dimensional patterns provide both mesmerizing illusions and structural stability. Plenty of daylight enters the micro home through a large window and front entrance, which is accompanied by a porch and sitting area.


The interior has enough room for a bed, which can fold into seating for daytime lounging. There is not enough room for a bathroom, but the outdoor 3D-printed bathtub lets guests soak under the stars. Concrete is poured for a sturdy foundation inside the home and fills a patterned grid outdoors for a walkway. A pathway of pebbles joins the home to the surrounding sidewalk.


The architects hope their designs can lead the way for solutions when disaster strikes. They say, “3D printing techniques can be used particularly well for small temporary dwellings or in disaster areas.” Urban areas constricted by their environment can also benefit from the idea of compact homes. The Urban Cabin is available for short-term rentals by those interested in getting a taste of the micro home life.

 

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