莎士比亚环球剧院,旧貌换新颜

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http://inhabitat.com
所在国家:
美国 
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【介绍】


莎士比亚环球剧院,旧貌换新颜


英国莎士比亚环球剧院是英国戏剧艺术的中心,这里,每天都在上映着17实际莎翁的旷世名作,可以这样说,如果你来到伦敦,不来莎士比亚环球剧院一游,可谓是人生一大遗憾。剧院始建于上世纪80年代,30多年过去了,现代设计师重新开始打量这座举重若轻的建筑,在修复的前提下创新性地进行合理改造。当前集成建筑的大潮下,设计师Nicholas Leahy和建筑结构工程师Michael Ludvik同样把目光集中在集装箱建筑上,选择普通货运集装箱做原材料,利用钢结构,把传统建筑赋予一股活力不羁的朋克风。


改建前的莎士比亚环球剧院是传统的木石结构,昂贵的橡木树和光滑的大理石精心装饰了剧院的每一个角落。两位设计师在莎士比亚环球剧院改造项前已经在1980年时合作完成了伦敦环球工程,这一次,两人的创意又一次不谋而合,选用建筑钢筋网做剧院外壳。这是一次开放性的设计,阳光射入室内,剧院内部与室外无界连接。


使用集装箱做改造的原材料有一个最为关键的优势,集装箱表面的波纹钢板具有其他普通钢板无与伦比的隔音效果。设计师利用这一优势,再加以切割、打磨和整合,改造的雏形就此完成。


这是一次经典与流行文化的有机结合,是传统与潮流的碰撞。谁说“李尔王”和性手枪乐队格格不入?


【原文】


Shakespeare’s famous Globe Theater gets a modern take with shipping containers


The famous Globe Theater, best known as William Shakespeare's favorite haunt, got a contemporary update with a new, mobile version made of shipping containers. Instead of wood, architect Nicholas Leahy of Perkins Eastman and structural engineer Michael Ludvik opted for steel to create a punk rock-inspired structure made out of shipping containers that appeals to younger, more modern audiences.


The structure is true to the original Globe Theater design, but instead of wood, it is enveloped in industrial mesh that filters daylight and allows the building to come alive at night. Project leader, architect Nicholas Leahy of Perkins Eastman, and structural engineer Michael Ludvik already collaborated on the London Globe project in the 1980s, before teaming up again to revamp Shakespeare’s famous Globe Theater. The New York branch of Arup worked on the environmental performance studies for the theater.


While steel sheets are not the common material used for building performance spaces, the designers discovered that the corrugation of the shipping containers has a great effect on the acoustic performance of the material. The containers were modified, cut and stacked on top of each other.


Among the main influences for the design were Sex Pistols and King Lear, as Vail mentioned in a TEDx Talk. This combination of classical theater and pop culture is reflected in the design, which is expected to be built in Detroit. It will act as a venue for a variety of performances. It is intended to become mobile and travel across the country.

 

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