大四学生投入集成化房屋,表现令人叹服

案例来源:
http://inhabitat.com
所在国家:
美国 
用途:
  • 住宅
  • 展示

案例详情:

 【介绍】


大四学生投入集成化房屋,表现令人叹服


当今,摆在全世界大城市的一个重要问题就是住房紧张,美国洛杉矶也不能幸免。人口暴涨,住房紧缺,马路边,公园,甚至天桥底都随处可见临时搭建的帐篷。洛杉矶市政府提出议案,要在路边为无住房的人建8000到10000套单元房。其实美国跟中国一样,在政府流程方面都要经过层层审批,这么一来,提案真正付诸实践耗时巨大。因此,南卡罗来纳州大学建筑系的学生提出了自己的住房解决方案。初生牛犊不怕虎的大学生们,提出自己大胆创新的设计方案,着实令人惊叹。


由四位大四建筑系学生组成的设计小组一同参与了名为“无家”工作室的项目,设计范围囊括临时性保障房和扩展性集成建筑。他们的计划是在工厂内将建筑的架构打造好,之后就运送给洛杉矶城内那些无家可归的人们。硅谷中的一个公司,同时也是工作室赞助商也应用了他们的一个设计模型。


大学生们的设计绝对不是纸上谈兵,停留在设计图纸和简单数字上,每次施工之前,他们都去做实地调查,有针对性地为无家可归的人提供实际化解决方案。深入需求群众才能透彻清晰地明确对象的要求,这就是工作室成功的重要一步。


这些学生设计师们可以将街上随处可见的一些材料变成住宅的一部分,比如说二次利用的集装箱板,宜家橱柜和建筑胶板。还有一个设计小组在集装箱的扩张性上做文章,把用纤维玻璃制成的方形空间改造为可向外延伸的卧室和储藏室。无论是哪一种设计或方式,都彰显了人性化的设计理念:造房子不仅为遮风避雨,还为人们创造有尊严的生活。


【原文】


LA architecture students design innovative houses for the homeless


Like many major cities, Los Angeles is currently in the middle of a housing crisis. Homeless populations are exploding, with encampments appearing on sidewalks, in parks, near overpasses, and along bridges through the city. While city officials are working on a ballot initiative to build 8,000 to 10,000 units to bring the homeless in off the streets, it could take years for those units to become available even if the measure passes. In response to the situation, students from University of Southern California’s School of Architecture have stepped up to create innovative new structures to shelter the homeless.


The project is called the Homeless Studio, and it’s made up of 11 fourth year architecture students. Their solutions run the gamut from temporary shelters to expandable modular buildings. When the structures are complete, the students will deliver them to homeless people around the city, and an agency that supports the homeless in the San Fernando Valley will use their final project as a prototype shelter.


Rather than simply attending lectures by experts, the students have also done some intense on the ground research by meeting and talking to homeless people throughout the city. Organizations like Midnight Mission and Skid Row Housing Trust helped connect the students to real people, so they could better understand the day-to-day challenges their shelters would have to overcome.


Some of the students used solutions they saw in practice on the streets – using reclaimed materials to create temporary shelters. Students Alexxa Soloman, Maria Ceja, and Belinda Park used scavenged shipping palettes, Ikea shelves, and pieces of plywood in their construction. Their classmates Jeremy Carman and Jayson Champlain took a different approach, creating a blue, rectangular box coated in fiberglass that expands outward to create sleeping and storage space. The designs are more than just a way for their occupants to stay warm and dry: they’re also a way to restore dignity to a population that too often has gone without it.

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