天人合一的生态社区或许是未来社区发展趋势

案例来源:
http://inhabitat.com
所在国家:
苏格兰 
用途:
  • 住宅
  • 展示
结构:

案例详情:

【介绍】


苏格兰生态农场,是你心中的生态社区雏形吗?


生态社区也被称为绿色社区或可持续社区,顾名思义,是综合社会、经济与自然的符合生态系统的,通过维持原有的社区生态系统平衡,实现资源和能源的高效循环利用,减少废物排放,实现社区和谐、经济高效、生态良性循环的社区。看了苏格兰芬德霍恩生态村,你一定会对此概念有更深的了解和感悟。建筑设计师John Gilbert带领设计小组在临近海湾的砂砾地带开始项目建设。农场共有25间功能不尽相同的小屋,全部由风力发电。生态社区将现代最新技术与可持续发展理念糅合在一起,打造未来绿色农业,健康生活。


生态村将被动太阳热能做最大的利用。大型温室围绕在房子的前方,在夏季甚至冬季,靠着开门或关门就能控制进到屋内的热能。用来做建筑的墙壁是隔绝的,用回收报纸处理成纸浆再注入墙壁来隔绝,屋子很棒的一点叫做“呼吸墙”的系统,在潮湿的气候室内会有很多累积的湿气,他们会用特殊的会呼吸的漆,所以湿气实际上能够穿越墙壁。通过湿气进出,像房子会呼吸一样,达到湿度平衡,造就了极度健康的居住环境。


设计师在建造过程中,除了保证最大程度的能源利用,还要保证房内热量补偿系统的良性循环。整个社区在规划方面的设计丝毫不亚于能源利用的设计。步行道和自行车道都在行车道之前,公共空间最大化,甚至包括自销厨房,住户在这里售卖自家绿色农场中种植的有机蔬菜。


生态社区将未来生活也纳入规划设计中,像气候变化,海平面上升,暴风雨或洪水问题等都会加以考虑。


【原文】


Colorful wind-powered community in Scotland is everything an eco-village should be


If you've ever imagined what an eco-village should be, this is probably it. One of the latest communities at Findhorn Ecovillage in Scotland, East Whins at Duneland comprises 25 wind-powered homes with a variety of housing options, several shared facilities, and studio or workshop space for those who work from home. Designed by John Gilbert Architects, the community embodies some of the most progressive developments in sustainability, a model for today and the future.


Built on a former brownfield site at the edge of Findhorn, the colorful design prioritized passive solar design at every turn. Each home includes sunspaces, which allow residents to make the most of passive solar gain, and the roofs are built with a south-facing pitch to maximize solar absorption during the Spring and Autumn equinox, said, according to the architects, to be the most beneficial times to accumulate solar energy.


The architects explained the Findhorn community was deeply involved with the design process, and their shared values are obvious in every detail. In addition to ensuring maximum energy efficiency, with insulation that’s nearly as tight as a Passivhaus, carbon-sequestering Scottish Larch cladding, a heat-recovery system, and underfloor heating fed by an air source heat pump, the community puts pedestrians and bicycles before cars, and makes plenty of communal space available – including a commercial grade kitchen where residents can sell what they make. Also included in the community are “flexi units” for either workshops, studios, or home offices.


The residents of East Whins at Duneland also planned for the future. “The maste planning exercise examined the implications of climate change and raising sea levels on the site and concluded it was the best site in the surrounding area to avoid future flooding,” the architects write in their design brief. “The detailed design allows for future climate changes such as heavier rain storms, higher wind speeds and hotter summer days.”

 

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