马德里普拉多博物馆改造项目

案例来源:
http://inhabitat.com
所在国家:
西班牙 
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【介绍】


马德里普拉多博物馆改造项目


普拉多博物馆,建于18世纪,位于西班牙马德里,普拉多博物馆(Prado)被认为是世界上最伟大的博物馆之一,亦是收藏西班牙绘画作品最全面、最权威的美术馆。收藏有15-19世纪西班牙、佛兰德和意大利的艺术珍品。经历了几个世纪的风霜后,博物馆将于2016年进行翻新,对大厅及周边项目进行改造。十几家全球知名建筑设计团队参与其中,包括: OMA; Souto Moura Arquitectos; 福斯特事务所(Foster + Partners)和 Rubio Arquitectos 组成的联合团队; B720 Arquitectos 和大卫•奇普菲尔德(David Chipperfield Architects)联合团队等等。
每个建筑事务所之前都有着丰富的博物馆建筑改造经验。他们将会共同竞争博物馆中马德里王国大厅(Hall of Realms)的改造资格,为博物馆提供2500平米的新展陈空间以及2900平米的额外服务空间。大厅曾经被西班牙王室使用,作为 Del Ejercito 和军事博物馆的选址。在集成节能建筑雨后春笋的21世纪,传统博物馆的改造也要求增加太阳能光板等标志性设备。


最终,英国福斯特建筑设计事务所拔得头筹,PK掉众多优秀设计公司入围。福斯特建筑事务所是一家国际性建筑、规划和设计公司。在国际上拥有着良好的口碑。它的代表性作品包括:中国T3航站楼;德国新议会大厦 (柏林);大不列颠博物馆大厅 (伦敦) ;汇丰银行香港和伦敦总部; 德意志商业银行总部(法兰克福)等。
本次普拉多博物馆改造要求是在王国大厅建展厅,建筑的难点就是既保留17世纪的宫殿风格,又添加现代化元素。


设计师们打算保留大厅主体及内部,但墙面要打开,使整个环境具有开放性。把原有封闭的,神秘的皇家园林向公众开放,连接广场和咖啡厅。太阳能光板采用悬臂挂式,既可以吸收南面的阳光,又可以保护墙壁不受太阳直射。


福斯特事务所的设计师说:“对于这次建设改造项目感到很荣幸,王国大厅是仅存的几处皇家宫殿,这次改造,把大厅对外开放,更加增加了普拉多博物馆的吸引力,打造马德里这所文化名城。”整个项目改造将于2019年完工。


【原文】


Foster + Partners to transform historic Madrid building into solar-powered Prado Museum addition


Vibrant public space and solar energy come together in Foster + Partners and Rubio Arquitectura’s winning bid in Museo del Prado's (Prado Museum) international architecture competition for the refurbishment of a historic building into a museum extension. The project will see the revitalization of the historic Hall of Realms (Salón de Reinos) as a new addition to Madrid’s Museo del Prado campus and the unification of various buildings through public spaces and underground links. While the Hall of Realms’ original building facade will be preserved, the architects will also add a new roof topped with solar panels.


Foster + Partners and Rubio Arquitectura’s design beat out a shortlist of eight other proposals by practices including OMA and David Chipperfield Architects. The renovation of the Hall of Realms will create additional display space for permanent and temporary exhibitions at the Prado Museum. As one of the few surviving structures from the former 17th century Buen Retiro Palace, the Hall of Realms holds special historic significance in the city.


The Hall of Realms’s magnificent and intricate interiors will be restored, while the facade will be delicately opened to let in natural light and views. These openings will transform the historic building into a more permeable, public-facing structure with connections to the new civic plaza and terrace cafes. In addition to solar panels, the new roof will be cantilevered to protect the southern facade from intense sunlight.


“On behalf of the team that I led at Foster + Partners in collaboration with Rubio Arquitectura, I would like to say how honoured we are to contribute to this next phase of the expansion of the Prado – one of the truly great museums of the world,” said Lord Foster. “The Hall of Realms, built by Crescenzi and Carbonel in the 1630’s, is one of the very few remains of the former palace and predates the Museum which was conceived in 1819. Two centuries later the transformation and expansion of this historic hall will add significant new galleries and related public spaces to the Prado. It will also create, as a setting, a new urban focus for the city of Madrid.” The renovation project will be completed in time for the museum’s 200th anniversary celebrations in 2019.
 

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