一家人如何在“自然之屋”内快乐生活

案例来源:
http://inhabitat.com
所在国家:
挪威 
用途:
  • 住宅
结构:

案例详情:

【介绍】


一家人如何在“自然之屋”内快乐生活


北极圈内的生活绝非易事,除非你是Hjertefølger一家的成员。四年前,我们首次听说Hjertefølger一家的本杰明和英格丽。那时候,他们刚开始建造“自然之屋”,一座三层楼的圆屋子,外面是日光网格穹顶。这幢超暖房位于挪威北部桑霍尔恩岛,能让六口之家在严酷的气候条件可持续生存-他们甚至能够生产自己所需的大部分食物。Hjertefølger一家已经在这里住了三年多。最近《人居》采访了这家人,了解他们碰到的挑战和取得的胜利。


住在“自然之屋”的Hjertefølger(挪威语,意为随心所欲的人)一家有四个孩子;在《人居》上次报道后,他们又添了一个孩子。这幢圆屋外面覆盖着Solardome公司的单层玻璃日光网格穹顶,在他们的朋友和邻居的帮助建造而成。2013年12月8日,一家人搬进了圆屋。


“住在这屋子里和我们预想的一样。我们喜欢这房子,它有自己的灵魂,给人的感觉非常亲切。让我们惊奇的是,我们造了一幢新房子,我们的生活也焕然一新。”英格丽告诉《人居》。“这个过程改变了我们,塑造了我们。”


在设计房子时,这家人必须考虑极端的气温和风速。冬天,在穹顶内无法种植作物,因为这儿有三个月都看不到太阳。但是穹顶设计让作物种植时间比室外延长了五个月。他们种了苹果、樱桃、李子、杏子、猕猴桃、葡萄、黄瓜、番茄、香草、南瓜和甜瓜。


种植作物只是“自然之屋”可持续生活的开端。Hjertefølger一家说他们的污水全部重复用于植物的施肥、浇水。食物残渣则用作堆肥。他们一直使用清洁、可生物降解的家庭用品,这些产品中的元素最后会变成他们吃的食物。英格丽说,这幢房子的使用寿命会很长,如果保持干燥,房子就一直不会坏。由于罩着玻璃穹顶,房子也不会因为天气原因发生老化。英格丽还说,圆屋的墙体甚至都没有必要油漆或者维护。


虽然这幢房子还可以改进,但是大体而言,一家人对房子非常满意。“如果我们要建造一幢新的“自然之屋”,理想的方式是在温室上使用双层玻璃,这样我们就能拥有一个热带花园,冬天也不会有滴水。”Hjertefølger说道。“不过这有点不现实,因为那样的话,玻璃成本会非常高。”他们打算对种植床作一些改变,以获得更多的可用空间,更好地布置不同作物。但是,总的来说,这家人说他们在“自然之屋”住得挺好。


“当我们走进自家屋子的时候,感觉和走进其他任何屋子都不一样。”Hjertefølger 告诉《人居》。“空气都不一样。屋里有一种平静,我几乎能够听到它。这难以解释。但是,如果是别人为我们规划、建造的房子,或者是那些方方正正的房子,那就不可能有这种感觉。”


【原文】


How one family thrives in the Arctic with a cob house inside a solar geodesic dome


Life inside the Arctic Circle is by no means easy, unless you’re a Hjertefølger. We first heard about Benjamin and Ingrid Hjertefølger four years ago when they began building Nature House, a three-story cob house wrapped in a solar geodesic dome. Located on the island of Sandhornøya in northern Norway, the ultra-green home was designed to enable the family of six to eek out a sustainable existence despite challenging climatic conditions – they even grow most of their own food. Inhabitat recently caught up with the Hjertefølgers, who have now lived in their home for three years, to learn about their challenges and victories.


The Hjertefølgers, which translates to Heartfollowers, live in Nature House with their four children – they’ve added one to their number since Inhabitat last wrote about them. After constructing their cob home topped with one of Solardome’s single-glazed geodesic domes with the help of friends and neighbors, the family moved in on December 8, 2013.


“The house works as we intended and planned. We love the house; it has a soul of its own and it feels very personal. What surprises us is the fact that we built ourselves anew as we built the house,” Ingrid Hjertefølger told Inhabitat. “The process changed us, shaped us.”


The family had to design their home with extreme temperatures and wind in mind. It’s impossible to grow food in the dome in winter – Hjertefølger said there are three months without sun at Nature House – but the design does enable the family to grow food five months longer than they could outside. They grow apples, cherries, plums, apricots, kiwis, grapes, cucumbers, tomatoes, herbs, squash, and melons.


Growing their own food is just the beginning of sustainable living at Nature House. Hjertefølger said all of their grey and black water is reused for fertilizing and watering the plants they grow. The family composts food scraps. They make sure to use clean, biodegradable household products, as elements in those products could end up in the food they eat. The home will have a long lifespan too – Hjertefølger said cob “lasts forever if you keep it dry,” and as their dwelling is always covered with the glass dome, it hasn’t been worn down by weather. She also said there’s no need to paint or even maintain the cob structure’s walls.


Improvements could be made to the house, but for the most part the family seems incredibly satisfied with the design. “If we were to build a new Nature House, the ideal thing would be double glass on the green house so that we could have a tropical garden and no dripping in the winter,” said Hjertefølger. “But that is a bit unrealistic because it is very expensive with all that glass.” She also said they’d like to make a few changes to how the plant beds are set up “to get more usable space and better placement for different plants.” Overall, though, the family says they thrive inside Nature House.


“The feeling we get as we walk into this house is something different from walking in to any other house,” Hjertefølger told Inhabitat. “The atmosphere is unique. The house has a calmness; I can almost hear the stillness. It is hard to explain. But it would have been impossible getting this feeling from a house someone else has planned and built for us, or a house with corners and straight lines.”

 

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