埋入自然沙丘中的零能源钢木结构房屋

案例来源:
http://inhabitat.com
所在国家:
荷兰 
用途:
  • 住宅
结构:

案例详情:

【介绍】


埋入自然沙丘中的零能源钢木结构房屋


VVKH根据客户要求设计了这幢位于荷兰的Meijendel住宅,不过大自然也帮了他们一个大忙。Meijendel住宅立面为炭化木材,下半部分埋入高高的沙丘中。这儿特殊的环境--树木、光线和沙丘都影响着这幢房子,就好像住宅是由它们雕刻出来的一样。太阳能面板、热泵、混凝土结构蓄热体使得建筑本身能够生产其消耗的能量。


住宅共三层,下面两层都有部分建造在沙丘中。底层是一个车库和一个工作室。这种不寻常的建筑格式是为了适合当地法规的规定,因为在自然保护区的周围,仅允许在相对狭小的地块上建造小而紧凑的建筑物。入口位于中层,这还有两间卧室,一间主卧、一间办公室,顶楼是一个大起居室和厨房。


屋内是现代极简风格,所有材料都没有经过润饰抛光:混凝土、钢材、炭化木材、木材和阳极铝。错落的楼层使得屋内具有不同的空间感,而透过大面积的玻璃也能够看到各异的外部景观。建筑师说:“每个细节,例如门把手或楼梯,都经过精心考虑和设计。Meijendel是一件令人着迷的工艺品,完全融入周边景观的森林小屋,室内空间和室外环境紧密连接。这幢房子是由树木、光线和沙丘雕刻而成的。”


【原文】


Zero-energy timber and steel home is buried into a natural dune


VVKH architecten designed Villa Meijendel in Doornweg, the Netherlands to a client’s custom specifications – but they also had a big helping hand from nature. Clad in timber charred Shou Sugi Ban timber, Villa Meijendel is a site-specific home that is half-buried in a high dune and largely sculpted by the forest landscape. Solar panels, heat pumps, and the high thermal mass of the building’s concrete structure helps the home produce as much energy as it consumes.


The Villa Meijendel comprises three levels, two of which are partially built into the dune. The ground level contains a garage and technical room. The building’s unusual form was dictated by local regulations that only allowed a small and compact building volume on the relatively narrow lot located on the edge of the Meijendel nature reserve. The first level of the home includes two bedrooms, a master bedroom, wellness room, entrance, and office, while the topmost level includes a large living room and kitchen.


The home is modern and minimalist with unpolished concrete, steel, charred wood, unfinished wood, and anodized aluminum. Split levels in the house create a variety of views inside the home and out towards the landscapes through the large expanses of glazing. “Every detail, such as the door handle or stairs, is precisely thought through and designed,” write the architects. “Villa Meijendel is a fascinating artefact, a sort of wooden forest hut fully integrated in the landscape and with a strong connection between the interior spaces and immediate surroundings. Trees, light and dunes have sculpted this remarkable house.”

 

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