坂茂为2万名无家可归的肯尼亚难民建造家园

案例来源:
http://inhabitat.com
案例标签:
所在国家:
肯尼亚 
用途:
  • 住宅
  • 营地
结构:

案例详情:

【介绍】


坂茂为2万名无家可归的肯尼亚难民建造家园


世界闻名的建筑师——坂茂正在同联合国人居署一道,发挥自己的天赋,为那些最为需要住房的人,建造属于他们自己的家。为了能贯彻联合国对于可持续发展的重视,坂茂就地取材,在肯尼亚难民营建造了一个能让2万人安家的原型房,而且这些房子,从里到外都很本地化。


这个难民营现在容纳了3万7名无家可归的人,其中有一半人是2017增加的,而在接下来的几个月,这些人数预计还会增加,在这个危险而又极度严苛的条件下,最终数字会达到4.5万人。

 

坂茂对于人类的建筑历程其贡献有目共睹,已经在世界范围内建造了很多难民营和灾难庇护所,比如卢旺达、意大利和尼泊尔,他的可持续作品也有很多,大多都是就地取材建造。


最近一次到访难民营,坂茂强调使用本地建筑技艺以及可持续材料的重要性,“最关键的一点,就是房子的设计和建造,甚至不需要技术人员在现场指导,并且选材要可持续,而且对环境友好,这样的房子,其重要性在于,住户能很轻松地打理房子的一切。”

 

在这一计划中,坂茂设计了20个原型房,在测试期后,假如能够投产,同样能替换那些已经破败的房屋。


【原文】


Shigeru Ban designs 20,000 homes for severely overcrowded refugee camp in Kenya


World-renowned architect, Shigeru Ban, is taking his talents to those who need it most. Working in collaboration with UN-Habitat, the UN agency that focuses on sustainable development, the 2014 Pritzker Prize recipient designed a prototype for some 20,000 new homes for refugees in Kenya’s Kalobeyei Refugee Settlement. True to form, Ban promotes the use of locally-sourced, sustainable materials in the shelter design.


The Kalobeyei Refugee Settlement is currently home to almost 37,000 refugees, 17,000 of whom arrived in the first half of 2017 alone. This continuous influx of inhabitants is expected to increase over the next few months, putting the settlement, which has a capacity of 45,000, in a severely precarious situation.


Ban is well-known for his dedication to humanitarian construction, having built various refugee and crisis shelters around the world, namely Rwanda, Italy, and Nepal. Ban is also known for his work with sustainable and locally-sourced materials.


On a recent trip to the settlement, Ban highlighted the importance of using local construction techniques and sustainable materials, “The key thing will be to design and construct shelter where no or little technical supervision is required, and use materials that are locally available and eco-friendly. It’s important that the houses can be easily maintained by inhabitants.”


The plan calls for Ban’s shelter design to be used initially as a prototype for 20 shelters. After a test period, the design, if successful, will be used to replace some of the camp’s deteriorating structures.

 

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